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How do I configure Lighttpd for name-based virtual hosting?

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How do I configure Lighttpd for name-based virtual hosting?

Let us say your setup is as follows:

  • Public IP address: 72.12.5.10
  • Domain names: domain1.com and domain2.net
  • Default Document Root: /home/lighttpd/default/http
  • Default Document Root for domain1.com: /home/lighttpd/domain1.com/http
  • Default Document Root for domain2.net: /home/lighttpd/domain2.net/http

First, create required directories:
# mkdir -p /home/lighttpd/default/http
Next, open lighttpd.conf file:
# vi /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
Setup default document root:
server.document-root = "/home/lighttpd/default/http/"
Setup public IP address:
server.port = 80
server.bind = "72.12.5.10"

At the bottom of the file, add:
include "domain1.com.conf"
include "domain2.net.conf"

Save and close the file.

Create domain1.com virtual host configuration

Create required directories:
# mkdir -p /home/lighttpd/domain1.com/http
# mkdir -p /home/lighttpd/domain1.com/logs

Open /etc/lighttpd/domain1.com.conf file:
# vi /etc/lighttpd/domain1.com.conf
Add following configuration directive:

$HTTP["host"] =~ "domain1\.com" {
            server.document-root = "/home/lighttpd/domain1.com/http"
            accesslog.filename         = "/home/lighttpd/domain1.com/logs/access.log"
}

Save and close the file.

Create domain2.net virtual host configuration

Create required directories:
# mkdir -p /home/lighttpd/domain2.net/http
# mkdir -p /home/lighttpd/domain2.net/logs

Open /etc/lighttpd/domain2.net.conf file:
# vi /etc/lighttpd/domain2.net.conf
Add following configuration directive:

$HTTP["host"] =~ "domain2\.net" {
            server.document-root = "/home/lighttpd/domain2.net/http"
            accesslog.filename         = "/home/lighttpd/domain2.net/logs/access.log"
}

Save and close the file.

Restart the lighttpd web server:
# /etc/init.d/lighttpd restart

Make sure document root is owned by your web server user such as www-data or lighttpd:
# chown -R lighttpd:lighttpd /home/lighttpd/

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